Kidney Stone Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

kidney stone symptoms


Kidney Stone is also called renal lithiasis are hard deposits made up of salt and minerals that form inside the kidney.  Usually, kidney stone originates inside the kidney, but it may also develop around the urinary tract which consists of the following parts:

  • Urethra
  • bladder
  • ureters
  • Kidneykidney stone symptoms

Kidney stones are considered to be one of the most painful condition. The reason for kidney stone may vary according to the type of stone.


What are the symptoms or signs of kidney stone?

Kidney stone is a severally painful health condition.  However, the symptoms of kidney stone can’t be recognized until the stone starts to move down the ureters. This pain is called renal colic. Due to this problem, you may develop pain on one side of the back.

kidney stone causes

In man, this pain can radiate to the groin area. The pain of the kidney stone disease is intense but it comes and goes on regular intervals.

People who are facing renal colic problem seems to be restless.

Apart from the excruciating pain caused due to kidney stone problem, other symptoms are as following:

  • urinating small amounts of urine
  • blood in the urine (red, pink, or brown urine)
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • foul-smelling urine
  • chills
  • fever
  • frequent need to urinate

In cases of small kidney stone, you would not experience any of the above symptoms as the stone passes through the urinary tract.


Types of kidney stones

There are various types of kidney stones that formate inside the kidney. Let’s have a look.

Calcium:  It is the most common type of stones found in the kidney. They are made of calcium oxalate. The risk of having this type of kidney stone is being subsided eating fewer oxalate-rich foods.  There are various types of food that can develop calcium stone in the kidney


  • Potato Chips
  • beets
  • chocolate
  • spinach
  • peanuts

However, this problem occurs due to calcium but eating calcium-rich food can reduce your risk of developing this disease.

Uric acid: This type of kidney stone is found more in men than women. This type of stone forms inside the kidney when urine is too acidic.

Struvite:  This type of kidney stone is found more in women than men. The reason behind this disease is urinary tract infection.  These stones are considerably larger in size and can cause urinary obstruction. It can cause kidney infection. If you are suffering from any infection then treating it can avoid this problem.

Cystine: This is a rare type of kidney stone and it can occur to both men and women with a genetic disorder cystinuria.

How kidney stones are treated?

Kidney stones are a serious health condition and it needs to be treated urgently to get rid of the excruciating pain. The treatment of this disease is tailored according to the type of stone.

Urine can be strained and stones collected for evaluation. It is being recommended to drink at least six to eight glass of water on a daily basis and if you are dehydrated then you need to have intravenous fluids.

kidney with stoneOther treatments of this disease are given below:

Pain relievers: Passing stones from kidney can be a painful experience. Therefore, your doctor would prescribe you painkillers such as acetaminophen or naproxen sodium (Aleve).

Medical therapy: If you are finding it difficult to pass the stone from the urinary tract, then your doctor would give you medicines that assist you in passing stones. This type of medicines is called an alpha-blocker that relaxes the ureter muscles help you in releasing the Kidney stones more comfortably. You should take these medicines if you are feeling pain in passing the stone.

Large stones and those that cause symptoms:

Small kidney stones can easily pass through ureter but large size stones are difficult to pass through the urinary tract. Large stones are difficult to pass on their own because they may cause kidney damage, bleeding, and other complications. It may require extensive care to remove these stones from the kidney. The procedure to include these kidney stone includes:

Using sound waves to break up stones: For large size stones- your doctor may recommend you to opt for a procedure called extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL).

ESWL uses the powerful sound waves to segment or breaks the stone into tiny pieces that can be easily pass through the urine. This procedure may take up to 45 minutes to 60 minutes of time and can cause minor pain.

To reduce the pain, your doctor will give a small amount of anesthesia to make you feel comfortable.

ESWL procedure may cause blood in the urine or minor bruising in the back of the abdomen. Bleeding around the other organs of body and discomfort as the stone fragments pass through the urinary tract.

Using a scope to remove stones:  If you are having a small stone inside your kidney, then your doctor would pass a thin lighted tube (ureteroscope)  equipped with the camera in your urethra. Once the stone is being located, then the doctor will enter a special device to break down the stone into small pieces and it can be easily pass through the urine. After the stone gets removed, the chances of swelling are high. Therefore, your doctor will enter a small tube called stent in the ureter to relieve the pain.

Surgery to remove very large stones: If the stone is extremely large then your doctor will advise you for a surgery called percutaneous nephrolithotomy.  It involves removing the stone using a small telescope and instruments inserted through a small incision in your back.

You will be given the anesthesia to reduce the pain and you are required to stay at least two days in the hospital to properly recover.


The prevention of kidney stone problem include changes in the lifestyle and medication.

Lifestyle Changes:

You should adopt the following changes in your lifestyle:

Drink water throughout the day: You should drink a lot of water throughout the day. It is being recommended to drink at least 10-12 glasses of water on a daily basis.

Eat fewer oxalate-rich foods: If you have formed oxalate-rich stone, then your doctor would recommend you to restrict the food rich in oxalate. These include beets, rhubarb, spinach, okra, Swiss chard, sweet potatoes, nuts, tea, chocolate, black pepper, and soy products.

Choose a diet low in salt: Choose a diet low in salt would prevent you from this problem.

Eat calcium-rich food: Calcium-rich food does not form kidney stones. Therefore, continue eating calcium-rich food on a daily basis. However, if your doctor discovers that you have developed the calcium stones then he would recommend you to stop eating calcium-rich food.


There are different ways to discover the existence of kidney stones.

Blood testing:  Blood test may reveal you having kidney stones or not. If your blood test reveals too much calcium or urine acid in your blood then your doctor may find you are suffering from kidney stone problem.

Urine testing: The 24 hours urine test may help in finding out whether you are excreting too many stones forming mineral or not. In order to perform this test, your doctor would ask you to collect urine sample for two consecutive days.

Imaging: Various imaging tests can be done to discover whether you are suffering from kidney-related disease or not. The imaging test option range from a simple X-ray which sometimes misses small stone and CT scan can reveal even the presence of small tiny stones.

Other imaging options include an ultrasound, a noninvasive test, and intravenous urography, which involves injecting dye into an arm vein and taking X-rays (intravenous pyelogram) or obtaining CT images (CT urogram) as the dye travels through your kidneys and bladder.

Analysis of small stones: In this test, you may be asked to urine through a strainer to discover the presence of small stones in your kidney. After that, this report is being analyzed in the lab and on the basis of it, your doctor decides what type of stones you have in your kidney.

So these are the different diagnosis option available that assists in discovering the kidney stone problem.


How can Ayurveda treat kidney damage?

Ayurveda is ancient science that helps in treating the body & soul of human being. According to Ayurveda, all types of physical problems originate from three doshas named Pitta, Vata, and Kalpa. It is being said that kidney is powerful enough to treat itself on its own with the assistance of some natural herbs such as  Punarnava, Gokshur, Varun and Shirish. The ayurvedic herbs do not carry any side effects and they are capable enough of solving kidney stone problem


If you are looking for best ayurveda treatment for kidney stone problem, then you should seek the consultation of Ayur Kidney. It is one of the best center for Ayurvedic kidney treatment in India. It provides a complete natural & effective treatment for kidney and other critical health condition.

Hence, if you are suffering from kidney stone problem or other serious diseases and looking for ayurvedic treatment, then you should seek the consultation of Ayur Kidney

Call now to book an appointment: 8448449602


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